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Iraq originally received 20 to 36 8K14 (SCUD B) launchers and an unknown number of missiles from the Soviet Union in 1974. In total, Iraq imported 819 of the single- stage liquid-engine missiles and 11 mobile launchers for them. Iraq began, in 1987, a program to extend the range of the Scud B and to 'reverse engineer' the design, so as to produce several new, more potent, indigenous missiles, known as the Al Hussein, Al Hijarah and Al Abbas. The UN Special Commission received numerous reports of the importation by Iraq of SCUD systems from countries other than the Soviet Union. No evidence was found of such imports. The Commission assessed that no additional missiles of this type or support equipment were indeed supplied to Iraq. [S/1995/284]

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