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Cooperative Threat Reduction Status

The CTR program has accomplished much in its first nine years and has played a substantive role in achieving U.S. national security objectives and promoting global stability. Many of the program's achievements were unthinkable less than a decade ago; yet tangible results can be delineated for each program objective. The following lists the major accomplishments of the program to date. The CTR Program has helped make fundamental changes to the political and strategic landscape of the former Soviet Union. Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine have acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty as non-nuclear weapons states.

In Ukraine, the CTR Program assistance has included:

In Belarus, CTR assistance has led to:

The CTR Program has assisted Kazakhstan by:

The CTR Program has assisted Russia to accelerate strategic offensive arms elimination to START levels, by:

CTR has enhanced the security, control, accounting and storage of nuclear weapons and fissile materials in Russia by:

The CTR Program has helped to initiate and accelerate Russia's chemical and biological weapons destruction program by:

To ensure assistance provided under the CTR Program is used as intended, CTR agreements include provisions for the United States to conduct audits and examinations (A&Es) of the assistance provided. Through 22 October,1999 28 A&Es have been conducted in Russia, 22 in Ukraine, 14 in Belarus, and 12 in Kazakhstan, for a total of 76. The total volume of assistance audited by these A&Es was over $599 million. Detailed annual reports of these activities are submitted to Congress. To date, all A&Es have been successfully completed and results continue to indicate that DoD assistance is being properly utilized, accounted for, and maintained. After some initial difficulties in coming to agreement on A&E procedures with the recipient countries, A&Es have become a routine and regular part of the CTR Program. At least one A&E per month is scheduled through the year 2001.

Through defense and military contacts, the United States educates FSU military staffs on the role and functions of the military in western society. These activities are an important component of the effort to expand the domain in which U.S. security interests coincide, rather than conflict, with those of the recipient states. Through September 30, 1999, 432 contacts were funded in Russia, 448 in Ukraine, 163 in Kazakhstan, 59 in Belarus, 48 in Kyrgyzstan, 104 in Moldova, 77 in Georgia, 88 in Uzbekistan, and 32 in Turkmenistan.

Overall management and implementation of the program has become increasingly efficient and effective. The organized and focused structure of the management team and its ability to develop and utilize management tools to predict and respond to implementation difficulties are evident in the obligation rates for the CTR Program. As of 12 October 1999, a total of $2.1 billion has been obligated.

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Updated Sunday, December 12, 1999 4:39:51 PM