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Iranian Missiles

Shahab-2 (Scud C)

The Shahab-2 is a modified version of the Scud C. The U.S. Air Force listed "fewer than 50" Scud C launchers deployed as of March 2006.

In 1990, Iran is reported to have arranged for delivery of Scud-Cs, as well as North Korean assistance in setting up an assembly and manufacturing facility. Syria may also have received shipments of the Scud-C along with launchers, beginning in April 1991. A North Korean freighter in the Spring of 1992 shipped from the "North Korea port of Dae-Hung-Ho to the port of Bandar Abbas (Iran where they were then flown) to Syria", the missile parts to Iran. This was one of the documented shipments of Scud based parts to Iran. The initial launch in May of 1991 of a North Korean, Scud-C took place from a launch center near "Qom" south east of Teheran, Iran and impacted about 310 miles east of there in an impact zone south of Shahroud.

An extended range version of the Mod-B, the Scud Mod-C (500-700 km/1,000-700 kg), with upgraded inertial guidance, was subsequently purchased from North Korea and by 1994 Iran may have stocked as many as 200 of these missiles, domestically designated Shahab-2 ["meteor" or "shooting star"-2].

North Korea also aided Iran in converting a missile maintenance facility into an assembly plant for the Mod-Cs. According to some estimates Iran's total inventory of missiles may be as great as 450 Scud-B and Scud-C missiles, though other [perhaps more reliable] estimates place the inventory at approximately 200 missiles. The U.S. Air Force listed "fewer than" 100 Scud B and C launchers deployed as of March 2006.


Technical Details
Range (km) 300-500-700
CEP (m) 50
Diam. (m) 0.885
Height (m) 11.37-12.29
Launch Weight
Mass (kg)
Stage Mass (kg) ?
Dry Weight
Mass (kg)
Thrust (Kg f) Effective: ? - SL due to vanes
steering drag loss of 4-5 sec.
Actual: ? - SL
Burn time (sec.) ?
Isp. (sec.) Effective: 231 - SL
Actual: 235 - SL
Vac.: 270
Thrust Chamb. 1
Stages 1
Fuel Tonka-250
    50% Triethylamine
    50% Xylidine/T-1 Kerosene
Oxidizer AK-20P (IRFNA)
    27% N2O4
    73% HNO3
    Different Inhibitor
Propellant Mass (kg) ?
Warhead (kg) 750-989
Type Tactical
Shahab-2 missile on parade in Teheran.


Sources and Methods

  1. U.S. Air Force, National Air and Space Intelligence Center, Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat, March 2006.
  2. "Iran-bound Mystery Freighter Carried Parts for Missiles", The Washington Times, 16, July 1992, p. A3.
  3. Gertz, Bill, "U.S.: Iran Fired Ballistic Missile," The Washington Times, 24, May 1991, p. A5.

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Maintained by Hans M. Kristensen
Updated: December 14, 2006