1. By far the best source describing the IRGC is The Warriors of Islam:  Iran's Revolutionary Guard, by Katzman;   this book should be a reference document possessed by any seeking to understand the requirements of deterring Iran.

2.  Katzman, 11.

3.  Khomeini's contribution to Iranian interpretation of Sharia and International Law and Third World theology is well analyzed in Ann Elisabeth Mayer, "War and Peace in the Islamic Tradition and International Law," in Just War and JihadHistorical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions, eds. John Kelsay and James Turner Johnson (New York:  Greenwood Press), 206.

4. Chubin, 13.

5. Katzman, 55.

6. Ibid., 131.

7. Mayer, 207.

8. FBIS-NES-96-072, IRNA, "Iran: Guard Corps Commander-Hezbollah Must Fight 'Liberalism'," April 11, 1996.

9. Ibid.

10. Ibid.

11. FBIS-NES-96-116, IRNA, "Iran: IRGC Chief Says U.S. 'Unable to Understand Power of Islam," June 13, 1996.

12. Katzman, 148.

13. FBIS, Near East and South Asia, Peshawar, The Frontier Post in English, May 4, 1995.

14. FBIS, Islamabad, The Nation, May 3, 1995.

15. FBIS-NES-95-128, NEUE ZUERCHER ZEITUNG, "Velayati Views Stances on Embargo, Terrorism," July 4, 1995.

16. Ibid.

17. Katzman, 131.

18. Ibid., 94.

19. Ibid., 52.

20. FBIS, Tehran Domestic Service, April 27, 1986.

21. FBIS, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, January 14, 1994.

22. FBIS, Xinhua, "Iran to Win Victory Over U.S. in Persian Gulf," June 29, 1987.

23. Katzman, 90.

24. Katzman, 91.

25. In March 1995, during a week-long trip to the Gulf, then Secretary of Defense William Perry stated in a press conference that Iran's buildup on Abu Musa Island involved chemical weapons and that "We do not know why Iran would choose to deploy chemical weapons there, but we consider it a very negative factor and a very threatening action on their part." Secretary of Defense Perry, quoted on CNN, March 22, 1995. See also Perry, quoted on ABC World News Tonight, March 22, 1995, and Perry quoted by Reuter in Periscope.

26. FBIS-NES-95-237, AFP, "Navy Chief: Ready for '80-Year War' for Islands," December 10, 1995.

27. FBIS-NES-95-241, IRNA, "Daily: Navy Able to Respond to Future Threats," December 12, 1995.

28. Katzman, 67.

29. George Joffi, "Iran: Tearing Itself "part?" Jane's Intelligence Review 7, no. 10, October 1995, 450.

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