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Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL)

Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) set up in 1964, has 12 divisions located in six states with its corporate office at Bangalore. The Aerospace and Engine Divisions in Bangalore was included on the list of Indian entities that were subjected to US sanctions announced after the May 1998 nuclear tests.

HAL is involved in the manufacture of the Prithvi missile with the Indian Army and Bharat Dynamics Ltd, with responsibilities for the liquid fuel engines. The HAL Aerospace Division has been set up to provide comprehensive manufacturing facilities for space worthy structures, which include Launch Vehicle Interstages, Propellant Tankages and Seperation Mechanisms in addition to complete Satellite Structures.

The beginning of HAL can be traced to the year 1940 when industrialist Walchand Hirachand set up a company called Hindustan Aircraft Limited in association with the Government of Mysore. After World War II, in December 1945 the Government of India took over the management of the Company, and activities were increased multifold.

The principal function of the company is to design, manufacture, repair and overhaul various types of aircraft, helicopters andrelated aero-engines, avionics, instruments and accessories. HAL is currently manufacturing Jaguar, Dornier-228 and MiG-27M aircraft, Cheetah and Chetak helicopters, and various types of aero-engines. HAL is also engaged in the design and development of an Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH). The first prototype of the ALH flew on 30 August 1992.

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