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Seabed Arms Control Treaty

The Seabed Arms Control Treaty prohibits parties from emplacing nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction on the seabed and the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile coastal zone. The Seabed Treaty sought to prevent the introduction of international conflict and nuclear weapons into an area hitherto free of them.

After more than two years of negotiation, the final draft was approved by the U.N. General Assembly on December 7, 1970, by a vote of 104 to 2 (El Salvador, Peru), with two abstentions (Ecuador and France).


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