The longstanding proposal for a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East includes a UN General Assembly proposal that, pending and during the establishment of such a zone, states in the resion declare solemnly that they will refrain, on a reciprocal basis, from producing, acquiring or in any other way possessing nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices and from permitting the stationing of nuclear weapons on their territory by any third party, to agree to place all their nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards and to declare their support for the establishment of the zone and to deposit such declarations with the Security Council for consideration.
The 1991 Madrid Peace Conference established a multinational mechanism to work on making the Middle East a nuclear weapon-free zone. The activities of the multilateral working group on Arms Control and Regional Security in promoting mutual confidence and security in the Middle East include establishment of a NWFZ. This mechanism, however, stalled in 1995 as a result of the Israeli position.
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